For patients who are found to be allergic by skin tests to environmentals or insects, they may be candidates for allergen immunotherapy injections, commonly known as allergy shots. This would involve successive injections of small quantities of allergens, usually weekly injections for several months followed by bimonthly injections for several years, to slowly desensitize the body to the relevant allergens.
The needles are small so shots are not as painful as a typical vaccination. Over time the patient should notice decreased symptoms and less need for medications. There is a small risk of allergic reaction after an injection so all patients are required to wait in the office for at least 30 minutes after each injection.